- re|treat1 [rıˈtri:t] v▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(army)¦2¦(move back)¦3¦(change your mind)¦4¦(quiet place)¦5 retreat into yourself/your shell/fantasy etc6¦(finance)¦▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1.) ¦(ARMY)¦to move away from the enemy after being defeated in battle≠ ↑advance▪ The rebels retreated to the mountains.▪ They were attacked and forced to retreat.2.) ¦(MOVE BACK)¦[i]writtena) to move away from someone or something▪ He saw her and retreated, too shy to speak to her.retreat to/from/into etc▪ Perry lit the fuse and retreated to a safe distance.▪ It was not a conscious choice to retreat from public life.b) if an area of water, snow, or land retreats, it gradually gets smaller▪ The flood waters are slowly retreating.3.) ¦(CHANGE YOUR MIND)¦written to decide not to do something you were planning to do, because it was unpopular or too difficultretreat from▪ The Canadian government has retreated from a plan to kill 300 wolves.4.) ¦(QUIET PLACE)¦to go away to a place that is quiet or saferetreat from/into/to▪ After the noise of the city he was glad to retreat to his hotel room.5.) retreat into yourself/your shell/fantasy etcto ignore what is happening around you and give all your attention to your private thoughts6.) ¦(FINANCE)¦technical if shares etc retreat, their value falls to a lower levelretreat 2retreat2 n▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(of an army)¦2¦(movement back)¦3 beat a retreat4¦(change of intention)¦5¦(place)¦6¦(thought and prayer)¦7¦(finance)¦▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[Date: 1200-1300; : Old French; Origin: retret, from retraire 'to withdraw', from Latin retrahere; RETRACT]1.) ¦(OF AN ARMY)¦ [U and C]a movement away from the enemy after a defeat in battle≠ ↑advance▪ Napoleon's retreat from Moscow▪ The rebel forces are in full retreat (=retreating very fast) .▪ The bugler sounded the retreat (=gave a loud signal for retreat) .2.) ¦(MOVEMENT BACK)¦ [singular,U]a movement away from someone or somethingretreat from▪ Ten thousand years ago the ice began its retreat from Scotland.3.) beat a retreat informalto leave a place quickly▪ I saw my aunt coming and beat a hasty retreat .4.) ¦(CHANGE OF INTENTION)¦ [singular,U]when you change your mind about something because your idea was unpopular or too difficultretreat from▪ a retreat from hard-line policies5.) ¦(PLACE)¦a place you can go to that is quiet or safe▪ a country retreat6.) ¦(THOUGHT AND PRAYER)¦ [U and C]a period of time that you spend praying or studying religion in a quiet placeon (a) retreat▪ I spent three weeks on retreat in Scotland.7.) ¦(FINANCE)¦ [singular,U]technical a situation in which the value of shares etc falls to a lower level
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.